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Rare gemstones

Gemstone guide

Coveted collection pieces from OLE LYNGGAARD COPENHAGEN tend to intertwine with our passion for rare gemstones of incredible lustre. Our high-quality standards naturally entail an on-going search for those special stones in irresistible tones. All precious stones are carefully reclaimed from caves and mountains or underneath deep blue seas across the globe. They may share a shade or nuance, but each individual stone is absolutely one of a kind, making every single piece of fine jewellery perfectly unique.

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Aquamarine

Aquamarine is a popular mineral gemstone named after the Latin word for seawa- ter. The stone is available in colours varying from pale translucent blue to a dark opaque green. Aquamarines are prone to slight inclusions, which makes retrieving a very large high-quality aquamarine something of a rarity. Inclusions are not to be considered defects in the stone as long as they only exist inside the stone and not as actual scratches on the surface. Aquamarine is said to calm waves, thus keeping sailors safe at sea. Today, the stone symbolizes eternal youth and happiness.



Aquamarine stones
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TOURMALINE

The name tourmaline comes from the Sinhalese term turmali which was the name given to all colored crystals on the island of Sri Lanka when the stones was first retrieved as early as the late 1600s. Tourmaline exists in all the colours of the rainbow, however pink, red, green, blue and multi-coloured tourmalines are the most well known. A pink-reddish tourmaline is referred to as a rubellite, whereas chrome tourmaline is of an intense green colour. Tourmaline is a fairly soft stone, and inclusions are difficult to avoid. Tourmaline is a frequently appearing gemstone in nature, existing in multiple countries including Afghanistan, Russia, Sri Lanka, the United States, and several African nations. Initially, the gemstone was praised by alchemists because of it’s pyro-electric effect why it was believed to be related to the philosopher’s stone.



TOURMALINES
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RUTILE QUARTZ

Quartz with glittering inclusions of crystal threads is referred to as rutile quartz or rutilated quartz. The colour of rutile quartz ranges from almost transparent over brown, to red and golden yellow. Rutile, as often referred to as “Venus’ hair” or “angel hair”, appears inside the stone, and their size and structure will vary from clusters of delicate threads to a few crystals as wide as needles. Contrary to other precious stones the inclusions make this particular quartz desirable. Rutile quartz is reclaimed in numerous locations around the globe – from Switzerland to Sierra Leone, Madagascar and Brazil. Golden rutile quartz is said to amplify a person’s thoughts and the ability to manifest one’s desires in life.



RUTILE QUARTZ
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AMETHYST

Amethyst belongs to the quartz family. Since Ancient Greece the delicate hues varying from pinkish lavender to deep purple has made amethyst a treasured gemstone. Today, the most exclusive colour is medium purple with red secondary hues. The stone is retrieved in a number of locations around the world ranging from Brazil to Uruguay, Africa and South Korea. Amethyst is said to provide the wearer with balance, calm, patience and peace. It was once considered more precious than diamonds.



AMETHYST
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MOONSTONES

The delicate beauty and the glowing appearance of moonstone makes this precious stone coveted across the globe. Moonstone exists in a large variety of colours, from silvery white to light peachy blush to nuances of grey. The poetic name refers to the almost unearthly sheen of “moonlight” in the stone. Moonstone is reclaimed from several locations across the globe, including Tanzania, Madagascar, India, and Sri Lanka. As an amulet, moonstone is said to bring good luck, to protect travellers, reunite quarrelling lovers, and show its wearer the path to inner strength and wisdom. Legend has it that if a moonstone is put in the mouth during a full moon, you can see your future.



MOONSTONE
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BLUE TOPAZ

The word topaz is said to originate from Topazos, a mythological island in the Red Sea, where the first topazes allegedly were reclaimed. Natural topaz is most often colourless or brown, and as a natural product the popular blue topaz is actually very rare. Almost all blue topaz has been through a process of colour treatment, and although this remarkably coloured gemstone is of very exclusive appearance, topaz is in fact an abundant material in nature. The cherished London blue topaz varies from the steel-bluish tone to a petrol-blue, and some London blue species even have a slightly greenish tone when viewed from certain angles. Topaz is located on several continents across the globe – from Afghanistan to Sri Lanka, Germany, Norway, and Italy, to Australia and the United States. Brazil remains the world’s largest provider of topaz. Topaz is believed to bring success and good fortune.



BLUE TOPAZ
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MALACHITE

Malachite is a green copper carbonate mineral. The name malachite probably originates in the Greek term malakos, meaning ‘soft’, as the stone is relatively soft. Despite the softness of the stone surface, it does retain a beautiful polish. Malachite has distinctive stripes in varying shades of green, making it very interesting to behold. It typically occurs in nature in large formations of grape-shaped elements. In ancient Egypt, Rome and ´Greece, where the colour green represented vegetation and life, malachite was extremely coveted in solid stones for jewellery and amulets as well as powered form for eye shadow. Today, Malachite is found in Egypt, Argentina, and Africa. OLE LYNGGAARD COPENHAGEN retrieves and cuts malachite primarily in Namibia.

Symbolically, malachite is said to absorb negative energies and polluting elements. The stone encourages communication and emotional freedom, while teaching empathy and responsibility for thoughts and actions. Lastly, it is a practical companion for traveling, as malachite is said to protect, to overcome fear of flying, and to diminish jetlag.



MALACHITE
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AMBER

Often referred to as “gold of the North” the word amber traces back to ancient Greek, and means beaming sun. Amber is fossilised tree resin, since ancient times coveted for its amazing colour hues and exotic beauty. Developing over a span of at least 1 million years, finding inclusions of plants or small animals inside a piece of amber is not uncommon. Translucent or opaque, amber exists in a vast range of different burned colours, from pale yellow and golden honey, to orange and reddish brown. It is mostly retrieved along the Baltic coast bordering Germany, Poland, and Russia. For centuries the gemstone has been used in natural medicine for its alleged healing properties and as a popular ingredient in perfumes. Amber is considered a potent healing stone with the ability to diminish stress, release all negative energies and clear the mind of phobias and fears.

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CORAL

Corals are pure magic and considered timeless precious stones perfect to wear for any occasion.

Coral reefs are built by and consist of tiny marine animals called coral polyps. Coral formations grow with extreme slowness under the sea, typically as little as 1 milli- meter per year. Coral reefs grow in protected locations all over the world, and un- der-water harvesting is performed by selected authorized divers, who work with the deepest respect for the environment and in accordance with existing conventions. Coral is a natural product, why impurities in the stone may occur. This is not an im- perfection, but a unique characteristic of the coral. Even the natural hues in a supe- rior coral will eventually fade when the coral is worn.

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PEARLS

Pearls are some of the most coveted gems in the history of the world. Pearls come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes and are produced under very different conditions. OLC embellishes fine jewellery with several different types of pearls:



South Sea Pearls

South Sea Pearls are some of the world’s largest pearls compared to other types of pearl. They are cultured through the use of the Pinctada Maxima oyster, whose natural habitat are the waters of the South Sea, all the way from the southern coasts of China to the northern coast of Australia. The Pinctada Maxima oyster is of a size considerably bigger than other mollusc family members. This also allows the pearls to grow larger. The growth period is substantially longer for South Sea Pearls compared to smaller pearls; Typically, a minimum of two years is required to obtain the desired pearl size, but some pearls may take as long as four years to cultivate.



Mabe Pearls

The term Mabe is pronounced mar-bay and derives from the Japanese ‘mabe-gai’, the word describing the Pteria Penguin oyster, which is often used to produce mabes. A Mabe pearl is a cultured blister pearl, usually quite large in size, varying from 12 to 20 millimetres in diameter. The pearl is produced by attaching a tiny hemispherical nucleus to the inside wall of a mollusc. The growing process takes from six months to two years, much depending on where and in which oyster the pearl is cultivated. Once complete, the half pearls are cut from the oyster shell with a diamond-tipped saw, and the nucleus of the pearl is removed. The inside of the pearl is scraped to remove organic stain before filling the empty shell with resin made of crushed pearl. Finally, a round disc is cut from the remains of the nurturing mollusc and glued to the back of the pearl to complete the nacre exterior.

The Pteria Penguin oyster creates iridescent hemispherical pearls in tones of pale pink, blue and green. Mabe pearls from French Polynesia are found in grey tones equal to that of Tahitian pearls. Mabes that are cultivated inside the Pinctada Maxima oyster – usually used for South Sea pearls (see the paragraph above) – are white or silver, but also exist in golden hues.



Freshwater Pearls

Freshwater Pearls are grown in freshwaters – in lakes, rivers and ponds – primarily in China. Freshwater pearls are naturally smaller in size, why several nucleuses can be implanted in a single pearl farm oyster at a time – in this manner producing more than two dozen pearls. Waiting for freshwater pearls takes patience, as the process is slow to develop. It takes 2-7 years for the pearls to form and be ready to be harvested. Freshwater pearls come in a large palette of pastel colours, sizes and shapes. Most often they are charmingly irregular. Perfectly round freshwater pearls are rare.

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